Spacecraft to Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
Spacecraft have successfully travelled to Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.
So far, four spacecraft have gone to Saturn as listed in the table below. Voyager 2 also went to Uranus and Neptune.
Voyager 1 was a fly by mission and its closest approach to Saturn was on 1980 November 12 at a distance of 184,300 km from the planet’s centre.
|SPACECRAFT||LAUNCH DATE||LAUNCH VEHICLE||MISSION|
|Pioneer 11||1973 April 6||Atlas Centaur||To explore the asteroid belt, Jupiter and Saturn. Flyby mission of Saturn with closest approach on 1979 September 1, at an altitude of 21,000 km above the planet’s cloud tops.|
|Voyager 1||1977 September 5|
|Voyager 2||1977 August 20||Titan IIIE/Centaur||To explore Jupiter and Saturn and then targeted to Uranus and Neptune.
Voyager 2 was a fly by mission and its closest approach to Saturn was on 1981 August 26 at a distance of 101,000 km from the planet’s centre.
It flew past Uranus on 1986 January 24 at a distance of 81,500 km above the planet’s cloud tops.
It flew past Neptune on 1989 August 25 at a distance of 4,950 km above the planet’s cloud tops
|Cassini‑Huygens||1997 October 15||Titan IVB/Centaur||Orbiter mission to study Saturn plus launching the Huygens probe to land on the planet’s largest satellite, Titan.
Entered orbit on 2004 July 1. De-orbited into Saturn’s atmosphere on 2017 September 15.