I have a book Lessons in Astronomy by Norman Lockyer first printed in 1868. My edition is the revision of April 1889.
There are two plates in it Page115 paragraph 256 “”Let us begin with Mars .. We give in Plate IX two sketches taken in the year 1862. ,Here at once we see that we have something singularly like Earth. The shaded portions represent water , the lighter ones land , and the bright spot at the top of the drawings is probably snow lying round the south po0le of the planet which was then visible. The upper drawing was made on the 25th september ,the lower one on the 23rd In the upper one a sea is seen on the left , stretching down northwards ; while , joined on to it as the Mediterranean is joined on to the Aatlantic, is a long narrow sea , which widens at its termination. Paragraph 259 Mars not only has land and water and snow ‘but it has clouds and mists, and these have been watched at different times. The land is generally reddish when the planets atmosphere is clear ; this is due to the absorption of the atmosphere, as is the colour of the setting sun with us. The water appears of a greenish tinge.
Paragraph 259a A very curious feature of the surface of Mars was detected in 1877, when the planet made one of its nearest approaches to Earth. the so called “continents” were then seen to be divided into innumerable islands by a network of ” canals”, or long and narrow arms of the seas, some times running almost in a straight line for 3,000 or 4,000 miles. It was on the same occasion that the moons of Mars were discovered by Professor Hall at Washington
There is no credit given as to whom the observer was who made the drawings “The book was prepared as a Science text book for schools. Very interesting to read the ideas of 1862 and what we understand today with our modern in situ exploration of Mars.