I would second the suggestion above that you trying putting a *powered* USB hub between the laptop and the camera. You should be able to buy one online for around £15.
If the problem is noise on the USB power lines (or possibly insufficient current?), then a simple fix might be to draw power from a hub rather than the laptop itself.
Incidentally, to judge from your photo, I also bought a very similar new HP laptop last week, and I’m very pleased with it. Though I haven’t tried connecting it to any astronomical cameras (yet).