Huge atmospheric experiment starting

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  • #574549
    Alan Snook
    Participant

    Pleasant observing last night with the intrusive whine of aircraft and their blinking navigation lights much reduced. At dawn this morning there was maybe only half the usual mess of contrails across the Channel. As the European airlines drastically cut their schedules the amount of pollution dumped into the stratosphere will be similarly reduced. It’s going to be fascinating to see the effect. When the Icelandic volcano grounded aircraft for just a few days the difference was quickly noticeable. The current scaling-back is evidently going to last at least ten times longer.

    I predict the return of proper blue skies like when I was a lad, and much less of those milky cirriform layer clouds that are so common now. Contrails have a cooling effect so I will also predict a surprisingly warm spring.

    Alan Snook

    #582111
    John Cook
    Participant

    I have heard that nitrous oxide levels have also decreased dramatically over Italy recently, so perhaps less air pollution too.

    #582114
    Paul Leyland
    Participant

    I may be wrong but I believe the nitrogen-oxygen compound in the lower atmosphere is NO_2 (nitric oxide for old-timers, nitrogen dioxide for those born in the last fifty years) and not N_2O (nitrous oxide / dinitrogen oxide to the IUPAC fans).

    Be that as it may, satellite monitoring has shown a truly dramatic decrease in the concentration of nitrogen oxides in mainland China recently.  https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146362/airborne-nitrogen-dioxide-plummets-over-china has more detail.  (Incidentally it supports my claim that NO_2 is the compound in question.)

    #582115
    Paul Leyland
    Participant

    Actually, gaseous NO_2 is in dynamic equilibrium with its dimer N_2_O_4, aka dinitrogen tetroxide. It is the former which has the characteristic brown colour, the dimer being colourless.

    I always knew that A-Level chemistry would come in useful one day.

    #582116
    Peter Carson
    Participant

    I operate a meteor camera as part of the NEMETODE network. My camera is aimed NE from my home in SE Essex and the main incoming continental air lane crosses it’s field of view.
    Because the detection software can’t distinguish between the movement of a meteor and an aircraft I usually get over 200 false detections a night. Last night I got just 25!!

    It made this morning’s weeding out of false detections much quicker. Can’t think of many advantages of a pandemic but lack of “sky clutter” has got to be one.

    Peter

    #582117
    Nick James
    Participant

    Yes, me too on my meteor cameras. The number of aircraft in the south east of England is falling rapidly. A very small positive amongst a sea of negative. It looks as if we will have several months of this.

    #582118
    Eric Watkins
    Participant

    Likewise Peter, I’m seeing a significant reduction in aeroplane captures on my meteor camera.  Can but hope for some improvement in general seeing conditions.

    Eric

    #582124
    Alan Snook
    Participant

    Good to see the scale of the reduction in the hard data from the meteor cameras noted above. I just tried Flightradar24 but there’s something amiss, the map appears but no aircraft at all, yet I can hear one overhead. Maybe the site is swamped by the at-home cautionary-quarantiners looking for amusement.

    #582125
    Roy Hughes
    Participant

    They’re all at Heathrow.

    Flightradar24 is showing a reasonable but not large amount of activity in the SE right now with a massive pileup at LHR 🙂

    #582135
    James Dawson
    Participant

    Yes, with fewer aircraft and fewer cars around, the sky conditions may improve.

    With regards air “quality”, I’ve been watching the UK Air Information Resource and not seen any particular downward trends yet. The data below is for the last 7 days for Canterbury, but back data for several years from numerous sites around the country exist:

    https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/data-plot?site_id=CANT&days=7

    James

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